Plan de diseño participativo para proyecto de vivienda social en la Ciudad de Porvenir, Chile


1275414666537-Diapositiva1.JPG


Por Felipe Martínez Ríos (*)


Sin duda que la participación ciudadana es un tema en boca de todos y la estrella en la bandera de muchos programas sociales, políticos y el mismo gobierno, sin embargo, en la realidad nos topamos que hay muchas practicas que más que buscar una participación activa y verdadera, solo se conforman con cumplir el Ítem de talleres participativos sin una profundidad o profesionalismo verdadero. Vemos entonces una discordancia entre el discurso y la implementación efectiva de aquellas ideas.

A continuación se relata la resiente experiencia en el desarrollo de un “Plan de diseño Participativo” para el desarrollo de vivienda social en la ciudad de Porvenir, Tierra del fuego. Proceso desarrollado por el equipo del programa Servicio País[1] compuesto por un arquitecto, una psicóloga y una administradora pública.

La ciudad de Porvenir ubicada en la Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, región de Magallanes, está viviendo un proceso de acelerado crecimiento demográfico y urbano, lo que ha provocado un aumento considerable de la demanda habitacional.

El Municipio de la comuna de Porvenir en conjunto con la EGIS Municipal (Entidad de Gestión Inmobiliaria Social) se han comprometido a dar solución a esta problemática y han iniciado la elaboración de un Proyecto de vivienda social llamado “Lomas de Baquedano” que contempla beneficiar a más de 270 familias que postularan al Fondo Solidario de la Vivienda (FSV) del Ministerio de Vivienda y Urbanismo, MINVU, para obtener la casa propia.

El equipo de profesionales del Programa Servicio País , se comprometieron a prestar apoyo a la EGIS Municipal en la elaboración del proyecto y el trabajo con los comités de vivienda a través del desarrollo de un Plan de Diseño Participativo -en adelante PDP, labor complementaria al realizado por esta.

El objetivos de este PDP es integrar a las familias que se encuentran postulando al subsidio habitacional en el proceso de diseño de la propuesta arquitectónica, recogiendo su opinión en temáticas relacionadas a la vivienda y al barrio a través de la ejecución de cuatro talleres de carácter teórico-práctico. Como síntesis de este proceso se generará una idea de diseño para la urbanización y las viviendas, considerando los aspectos relevantes obtenidos en las sesiones de trabajo, resultados que serán validados por los propios comités de vivienda. La metodología propuesta para este plan es la siguiente:

1. Recopilación antecedentes: contexto geográfico, histórico y demográfico de la ciudad de Porvenir; aspectos relevantes sobre el terreno de emplazamiento del proyecto; caracterización de los cinco comités de vivienda participantes del proceso.

2. Formulación de talleres teórico-prácticos: Se desarrollan basados en dos ejes temáticos- la vivienda y el barrio, contemplando una exposición digital y un espacio de discusión y reflexión.

3. Ejecución de los talleres y recopilación de resultados: Se recopilarán las ideas y conceptos relevantes en relación a la vivienda y el barrio obtenidos en cada sesión de trabajo, conversaciones y ejercicios gráficos realizados  con cada comité de vivienda.

4. Generación de una propuesta arquitectónica: Basándose en los resultados obtenidos en los talleres participativos y el estudio de otros proyectos de vivienda social de la región de Magallanes, se elaborará una propuesta para la urbanización y el diseño de las viviendas.

5. Validación de resultados: Reunión donde se expondrá la propuesta arquitectónica para recoger las impresiones y opiniones de cada uno de los comités de vivienda sobre ésta.

Como resultados de este proceso se logro realizar los 4 talleres con los 5 comités en donde se fue llegando a determinados conceptos que eran relevantes de manera transversal para todos los comités. Para el barrio los conceptos principales fueron la Seguridad, equipamientos públicos de calidad, áreas verdes y de recreación idealmente localizado en el centro de la urbanización con fácil accesibilidad para todos, lugares que fomenten las relaciones humanas, la imagen de barrio, cerramientos; para la vivienda los conceptos principales fueron la privacidad, imagen de la vivienda considerando el color, ventanas y la forma, espacio para la cocina y baños y áreas verdes en calles y veredas.

A partir de estos conceptos se desarrollaron tres propuestas para la urbanización que posteriormente los comités pudieron valida o criticar, estas propuestas no significan en ningún caso una solución definitiva, pero si un acercamiento a lo que las personas se imaginan para su barrio.

Para la vivienda se realizo una selección de viviendas sociales de la zona que se acercaran a los conceptos descritos por los comités, los que fueron expuestos en el taller de validación recogiendo las opiniones sobre cada modelo. A partir de estos modelos se propone desarrollar una propuesta para la vivienda de este proyecto.

En la actualidad el proyecto se encuentra en una etapa de desarrollo técnico y se ha considerado parte de los resultados obtenidos en este proceso, principalmente para la urbanización lo que da crédito a este tipo de prácticas que deberían ser cada vez más replicables.

Para mayor información o descarga del Informe final de este proceso en formato PDF contactarse con IDEA GLOBAL CHILE.



[1]El Programa Servicio País depende de la Fundación para la Superación de la Pobreza y tiene por objetivo intervenir prestando asesoría técnica a pequeños municipios u organizaciones civiles y fomentar el desarrollo de capacidades en diferentes áreas en personas en situación de pobreza.

 

(*) Arquitecto de la Universidad de Chile, Ex-Servicio País Rural Magallanes.


|

Comentarios

Greate article. Keep writing such kind of information on your blog. Im really impressed by your blog. Hello there, You have performed a fantastic job. I'll certainly digg it and for my part recommend to my friends. I am sure they will be benefited from this web site.
Responder
Walking Struggle Robots is an action freemium cell app recreation developed and revealed by the Russian sport developer Pixonic.
Responder
Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular post! It's the little changes that make the largest changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!
Responder
In reality, if you come across these considerably upgraded robots the chances are fairly good they are going to mop the floor with you almost instantly.
Responder
There was a massive demand free of cost coins for Toon Blast, from the 700 gamers we asked, around 92% of gamers suggested that we make a Toon Blast video game hack free of cost coins. It's feasible to begin by playing the initial challenges. This puzzle video game is easily offered for IOS along with Android smart device. Have an appropriate hacked diversion play! Gamings Mobile Hack rejoices to reveal that our Toon Blast game hack completely free coins is prepared as well as finally available for all gamers to utilize. For the last month and a fifty percent, our software application team has been in the laboratory working with the code as well as technicians making the Toon Blast game hack completely free coins benefit both iOS and also Android tools. We have actually realized that there were a lot of gamers of this game waiting patiently as well as excited while we worked on the Toon Blast game hack free of cost coins. If you are happy with Toon Blast mod, please support us by uploading a remark listed below. It's disturbing to download and install a great deal of foolish data. We know that. You'll be the most effective with our Toon Blast rips off, you will obtain massive desirable placement straightforward and also fast!
Responder
A well written article, I just passed this to a workfellow who was doing somewhat analysis on this. And he certainly bought me dinner since I found it for him.
Responder
A lot of codes are already readily available on the web, and most of them are depending on it, they recognize now that's a poor way. So you could blindly choose our approach of hacking that is Train internet users hack online. The Metro Surfers video game is exciting to play when you are alone.
Responder
Look forward to checking out your web page again.
Responder
I was in search of this. Actually rejuvenating information. Thanks a lot.
Responder
I do believe all the ideas you have presented for your post. They_re highly convincing and can definitely work. Still, the posts are very quick for newbies. Many thanks for the post.
Responder
This site is my motivation, very superb design and also ideal posts.
Responder
Look forward to checking out your web page again.
Responder
It's a shame you don't have a donate button! I'd certainly donate to this superb blog! I suppose for now i'll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to fresh updates and will share this blog with my Facebook group. Talk soon!
Responder
Pretty! This has been an extremely wonderful article. Many thanks for providing this information.
Responder
Yes! Finally someone writes about health.
Responder
However, my luck changed because the race was delayed 35 minutes due to lighting in the area and then it began raining...not the perfect strategy to begin a marathon.
Responder
In my 20-plus years of experience.. I even have discovered that the folks who strength practice extra often are typically less prone to typical working injuries, _ says elite-stage coach Keith McDonald.
Responder
This website is my motivation, very outstanding design and perfect posts.
Responder
zvedavý príspevok, v_eobecne má_ pravdu, ale niektorým otázkam i aspekty Tine sporná. Rozhodne rovnaký blog tento blog zaslú_i re_pekt. som si istý, _e, _e napriek tomu som klesa_.
Responder
It's an remarkable piece of writing in support of all the online users; they will obtain benefit from it I am sure.
Responder
Hi and thanks for the actual blog post ive recently been searching regarding this specific advice on-line for sum hours these days. many thanks.
Responder
Lots of individuals will benefit from your writing. Cheers!
Responder
Just wanna input on couple of general things, The website design is perfect, the articles are very great : D.
Responder
This is a topic that's near to my heart... Take care! Exactly where can I find the contact details for questions?
Responder
Whoa! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It's on a entirely different topic but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Great choice of colors!
Responder
This is a very good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere. Brief but very accurate information_ Appreciate your sharing this one. A must read post.
Responder
Hi! I could have sworn I_ve visited this web site before but after going through a few of the articles I realized it_s new to me. Anyways, I_m definitely delighted I discovered it and I_ll be book-marking it and checking back frequently!
Responder
Hey There. I discovered your weblog the usage of msn. That is a very well written article. I'll make sure to bookmark it and return to learn extra of your helpful info. Thanks for the post. I will certainly comeback.
Responder
I was excited to find this great site. I wanted to thank you for ones time just for this fantastic read!! I definitely savored every part of it and i also have you book-marked to see new things on your site.
Responder
As one would expect in a 'dunk,' the gradient that makes Nike 6.0 - 342257 a tall shoe starts building on the front part of the shoe, instantly previous the half where the toes go in - and goes on unabated up to the highest level of the shoe; the middle portion the place the tongue of the shoe meets the trunk of the dunk-wearer's foot.
Responder
Pi_kny wpis, w sumie masz racje, jednak_e w kilku aspektach bym polemizowa_a. Z pewno_ci_ sam blog zas_uguje na szacunek. My_l_, _e tu wróc_.
Responder
Good day! I just would like to give you a big thumbs up for the great information you have got right here on this post. I'll be returning to your website for more soon.
Responder
Saved as a favorite, I love your website.
Responder
After looking over a number of the blog articles on your blog, I really like your way of writing a blog. I saved as a favorite it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back in the near future. Please visit my web site as well and tell me how you feel.
Responder
bookmarked!!, I really like your website!
Responder
Pretty! This was an incredibly wonderful post. Thanks for supplying these details.
Responder
Excellent article. I will be experiencing some of these issues as well..
Responder
I needed to thank you for this fantastic read!! I certainly enjoyed every bit of it. I have got you book-marked to look at new stuff you post_
Responder
Hello there, You have done an excellent job. I will definitely digg it and personally recommend to my friends. I'm sure they will be benefited from this web site.
Responder
You need to take part in a contest for one of the best sites on the net. I'm going to highly recommend this web site!
Responder
Good post. I'm experiencing many of these issues as well..
Responder
An impressive share! I've just forwarded this onto a co-worker who was doing a little research on this. And he actually bought me dinner because I stumbled upon it for him... lol. So let me reword this.... Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending time to discuss this issue here on your web site.
Responder
Very good post. I certainly love this site. Stick with it!
Responder
Very good post! We are linking to this great article on our website. Keep up the great writing.
Responder
Good blog post. I absolutely appreciate this website. Thanks!
Responder
I absolutely love your blog.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did you build this website yourself? Please reply back as I'm wanting to create my very own website and would like to find out where you got this from or what the theme is called. Cheers!
Responder
What's up, this weekend is pleasant in support of me, as this time i am reading this wonderful informative piece of writing here at my house.
Responder
Hi my family member! I want to say that this post is amazing, nice written and include almost all significant infos. I'd like to peer extra posts like this .
Responder
It's an remarkable paragraph designed for all the web users; they will obtain benefit from it I am sure.
Responder
We stumbled over here different page and thought I might check things out. I lile what I seee soo i am just following you. Loook forward to looking at your web page yet again.
Responder

Escribe un comentario

¿Quieres usar tu foto? - Inicia tu sesión o Regístrate gratis »
Comentarios de este artículo en RSS

Comentarios recientes

Cerrar